Students:-

  • MAJD ALHAZMI

  • Monirah ALODAH

  • Nofa AlkhairAllah

  • SARAH Alsheikh​

Supervisors​:-

  • ​Ms. Faten Haider

  • Ms. Heather Palma

  • Ms. Hind Alzoman

  • Ms. Noor Alfataftah

  • Ms. Rajaa Rasheed 

  • Ms. Raneem Dahman

  • Ms. Reem Diab

  • Ms. Samar Alabdullah

  • Ms. Yashaar Akary

The Science Project

 
This project aims at using a simple physics and scientific principle in combination with simply limited resources to solve the problem of malnutrition.
Resources
to be used

The governments and benefactors should encourage the interest of the public towards farming and recognize their intelligence and experience. The greater number of individuals who sleep hungry consistently are ladies, and in numerous nations, no less than 50 percent are small agriculturists who are overlooked and unsupported. researchers have examined that agriculture productivity would drastically increase up to 20 percent if there is gender equality in agriculture and farming.

We can add some green to the scene by planting seeds of vegetables and fruits rich in nutrients so the unprivileged can eat home-grown solid veg by building and caring for a garden at school, in their neighborhood complex, on waste ground, we can set up a housetop  compartment garden or even develop some on the gallery of their loft. Urge neighborhood specialists to consider planting a rooftop garden as opposed to taking off the heat-absorbing rock and dark tar. Having plants all over would makes shade, cleans the air, cool the cityscape, and will diminish water pollution thus affecting the overall hunger and malnutrition amongst poor people/ population who can’t afford to buy food and go to sleep hungry.

There are various foods grown from the ground that the residents of underdeveloped countries can replant and grow themselves by using leftover scrapes and seeds that and are rich in nutrients and can eradicate malnourishment and also reduce hunger.

Some examples are

Proper storage of seed is vital to conserving its vigor and vitality. Seeds can last from a few years to centuries, depending on the species and the storage conditions. In general, most seeds stored in cool, dry conditions will survive longer than seeds stored in a wet, warm environment. In many parts of the world, agricultural seeds are stored in bins that are open to the ambient conditions, often resulting in short storage life and poor seed quality in hot, humid regions, as well as losses due to insects and rodents. As the viability period for seeds decreases by half for every 1% increase in seed moisture content or 10°F (~5°C) increase in temperature, sealed bins, and controlled environments are used to maintain seed viability for longer periods. A common rule of thumb is that the temperature (in Fahrenheit) plus the relative humidity in the air (in percent) should total less than 100 for satisfactory seed storage 

The vigor and viability of seeds stored even at low temperatures decline over time. The continued maintenance of specific seed lines requires that they periodically are removed from storage and used to produce a new crop of seeds. Seed storage facilities, therefore, need not only modern storage equipment but also the land, personnel, and expertise to periodically grow the stored seeds under conditions that maintain their genetic diversity and purity in order to replenish the original seed stock

Optics is a branch of physics that studies light. In optics, light reflection, refraction, diffraction and other properties are explored.On the same note, physics studies the properties of glasses such as reflection, refraction and refractive indices. In this project, the electromagnetic property of light is coupled with the refractive property of glass for storage of seeds in boxes.So, light from the sun radiates to the storage glass boxes which by refraction and diffraction create an environment that has a controlled temperature for storage.Storage temperatures ideally are between 40 to 50 degrees F.

The simple set up can be used by people in countries that experience cold temperatures that would inhibit optimum conditions for seeds storage. The limited sunlight resource would be used to provide seeds storage solutions that would enable farming that would ultimately avert hunger and malnutrition.

 

This process is relatively cheap because it only needs sunlight and glass cans. Sunlight is free as cans can be placed in protected roof tops free of rain, rodents and other destructive agents.Th process is also cheap to set up because it only needs access to sunlight and protection from destructive agents.

This process is preferable for middle- and low-income citizens in poor countries because it provides a free means of seed storage for whichever length of time. the method also creates a greenhouse effect since air inside the glass can is trapped and can't mix with the cooler surrounding air–it just gets warmer as the sunlight heats it up. A greenhouse works in a parallel way; solar energy in the form of light creates thermal energy, or heat, that can't escape through the glass. With this form of seeds’ storage, nothing in form of water or any other wet resource is needed. Water will be needed during the germination period in preparation for planting.

It is estimated that 73% of agriculturally productive countries use stored seeds and thus, it is a tested and proven method of seed storage.

The following data can help in determining conditions for storing different seeds.