The Math Project
Data to be plotted
Reason for Poverty: Education Inequality
The Democratic Republic of the Congo, otherwise called DR Congo, is a country situated in Central Africa. It is at times misguidedly alluded to by its previous name of Zaire, which was its official name somewhere in the 1971 and 1997.
The democratic republic of Congo has struggled to educate its citizens since independence. As a key determinant of income in the country inequality in education has left the poor behind because of the lack of redistribution of resources and industrialization. A publication by Nagoya University (2016) reveals that since 1990, access to education had seen a steady expansion although males had a significantly higher percentage enrolment an all the years. The publication also revealed that the inequality in education access also translated to income inequality and thus is currently the main reason for poverty in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Reason for Poverty: Literacy Rate in populations aged 15 years and above
Yemen, formally known as the Republic of Yemen, is a nation at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. Yemen is the second-biggest Arab sovereign state in the landmass, involving 527,970 square kilometers. The coastline extends for around 2,000 kilometers.
According to the United Nations, the literacy level for individuals above 15 years as of 2016 was 65 in males and 58 in females. Although the level has been on the rise for the past few years, it is still regarded as a cause of poverty since literacy is needed to keep up with the demands of the labor market. The scatter chart, therefore, establishes the need for improvement in the literacy level in the country for poverty eradication.
Reason for Poverty: Malnutrition prevalence in children under 5 years
Haiti is a Caribbean nation that imparts the island of Hispaniola to the Dominican Republic to its east. Despite the fact that it's as yet recovering from a 2010 earthquake, a considerable lot of Haiti's tourist spots dating to the mid nineteenth century stay flawless. Two recent calamities that have exacerbated Haitian poverty are the 2010 earthquake and 2016's Hurricane Matthew. As indicated by The Economist, the earthquake left several thousand deprived, a large number of them living in relief tents seven years after the fact.
As yet reeling from the earthquake, Hurricane Matthew obliterated a significant part of the nation's domesticated animals and yields. The chart above shows that malnutrition in children under 5 years has been greatly reducing in the last couple of years. According to the United Nations Development program, children under 5 are the most vulnerable in society. Malnutrition among them is directly proportional to the poverty among the respective households.
Reason for Poverty: High mortality rate
Mozambique is a southern African country whose long Indian Ocean coastline is specked with popular beaches like Tofo.
As indicated by USAID, Malaria represents 42 percent of deaths among kids under five years old. However, 100 percent of the populace is in danger of getting the disease because of flooding and dry seasons, the two of which improve the probability of transmitting the sickness.
The chart above shows that infant mortality rate has been quite on a decline and steeper that of under-five. The mortality rate among children is responsible for low population growth in the country. Population growth and the rate of growth are the factors considered in income distribution. Income distribution is a key component in poverty reduction. Thus, mortality rate directly affects poverty reduction.
Reason for Poverty: Unemployment rate
Pakistan, authoritatively the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world's 6th most crowded nation with a population surpassing 212,742,631 individuals.
At 1.86 percent, Pakistan has the most astounding population development rate on the planet. By 2050, the nation will outperform 350 million individuals.
In Pakistan, about 36% of the population is unemployed. The unemployment index as of 2016 was 5.9 according to the Business Insider report. The chart shows that the unemployment index sharply reduced from 2013 when it was at maximum. However, although the index is reducing, it is still among the major reasons for poverty in the country as many people cannot afford basic commodities because of lack of income.